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At job interviews, it is yet not uncommon for a married woman to be asked whether her husband consents to her job. It is seen as common that women work part time due to household duties and in some cantons dual-income is penalized through taxes. Paid maternity leave was not approved in Switzerland until 2005.
However, in 2020, the country ranked 18th on the Global Gender Gap Report, with an increase in the number of women in high managerial positions. Overall, women earn 19% less than men.
Women in Switzerland
In Switzerland, women were not allowed to vote for national elections until 1971, except for the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden where women’s vote was only made legal as late as 1991. The legal authority of the husband persisted until 1985 (with a 54.7% of votes in favour of its derogation) when, for the first time, women did not need their husbands’ consent to work or open a bank account. Adultery was a crime until 1989, and marital rape was not criminalised until 1992. In the canton of Valais, cohabitation was prohibited until 1995.